The Quran

Commentaries for 66.9

At Tahrim (Prohibition) - التحريم

66.9 Abbas - Tanwîr al-Miqbâs min Tafsîr Ibn ‘Abbâs
(O Prophet! Strive against the disbelievers) the disbelievers of Mecca with the sword until they accept faith (and the hypocrites) of Medina with your tongue by rebuking and threatening them, (and be stern with them) and be hard in words and deeds with both parties. (Hell will be their home) the destination of the disbelievers and hypocrites will be the Fire, (a hapless journey's end) is Gehenna wherein they will end up.
66.9 Jalal - Al-Jalalayn
O Prophet! Struggle against the disbelievers, with the sword, and the hypocrites, by the tongue and with argument, and be stern with them, in rebuke and hatred. For their abode will be Hell — and [what] an evil journey’s end!, it is.
66.9-10 Kathir - Ibn Al Kathir
The Command for Jihad against the Disbelievers and the Hypocrites
Allah the Exalted orders His Messenger to perform Jihad against the disbelievers and hypocrites, the former with weapons and armaments and the later by establishing Allah's legislated penal code,
وَاغْلُظْ عَلَيْهِمْ
(and be severe against them) meaning, in this life,
وَمَأْوَاهُمْ جَهَنَّمُ وَبِئْسَ الْمَصِيرُ
(their abode will be Hell, and worst indeed is that destination.) that is, in the Hereafter.
The Disbeliever shall never benefit from His Believing Relative on the Day of Resurrection
Allah the exalted said,
ضَرَبَ اللَّهُ مَثَلاً لِّلَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ
(Allah sets forth an example for those who disbelieve) meaning, the disbelievers who live together in this life with Muslims, their mixing and mingling with Muslims will not help the disbelievers, nor will it avail them with Allah, until and unless they gain faith in their hearts. Then Allah mentioned the parable, saying,
امْرَأَتَ نُوحٍ وَامْرَأَتَ لُوطٍ كَانَتَا تَحْتَ عَبْدَيْنِ مِنْ عِبَادِنَا صَـلِحَيْنِ
(the wife of Nuh and the wife of Lut. They were under two of our righteous servants,) means, they were the wives of two of Allah's Messengers and were their companions by day and night, eating with them and sleeping with them, as much as any marriage contains of interaction between spouses. However,
(they both betrayed them.) meaning, in the faith, they did not adhere to the faith sent through their husbands nor accepted their message. Therefore, all the intimate knowledge of their husbands neither helped them nor prevented punishment, hence Allah's statement,
فَلَمْ يُغْنِينَا عَنْهُمَا مِنَ اللَّهِ شَيْئاً
(So, they availed them not against Allah) means, because their wives were disbelievers,
(and it was said) meaning, to these wives,
ادْخُلاَ النَّارَ مَعَ الدَخِلِينَ
(Enter the Fire along with those who enter!) The part of the Ayah that reads,
(but they both betrayed them) does not pertain to committing illegal sexual intercourse, but to refusing to accept the religion. Surely, the wives of the Prophets were immune from committing illegal sexual intercourse on account of the honor that Allah has granted His Prophets, as we explained in Surat An-Nur. Al-`Awfi reported from Ibn `Abbas, "They betrayed them by not following their religion. The wife of Prophet Nuh used to expose his secrets, informing his oppressive people whenever any person embraced the faith with Nuh. As for the wife of Prophet Lut, she used to inform the people of the city (Sodom), who committed the awful sexual act (sodomy), whenever a guest was entertained by her husband.'' Ad-Dahhak reported that Ibn `Abbas said, "No wife of a Prophet ever committed adultery and fornication. Rather, they betrayed them by refusing to follow their religion.'' Similar was said by `Ikrimah, Sa`id bin Jubayr, Ad-Dahhak and others.
66.9 Maududi - Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi - Tafhim al-Qur'an
For explanation, see E. N., 82 of Surah At-Taubah.