Abbas - Tanwîr al-Miqbâs min Tafsîr Ibn ‘Abbâs
(Have they not seen) do the disbelievers of Mecca not know (that Allah, Who created the heavens and the earth and was not wearied by their creation, is Able to give life to the dead) for the resurrection? (Aye, He verily is Able to do all things) of giving life and inflicting death.
Have they not seen, [have they not] realised, that is, the deniers of resurrection, that God, Who created the heavens and the earth and [Who] was not wearied by their creation, [Who] did not fail therein, is able to give life to the dead? (bi-qādirin is the predicate of anna, ‘that’, the bi- having been added to it because the statement has the same force as [the construction]: a-laysa’Llāhu bi-qādirin, ‘Is God not able …?’). Yes, indeed, He is able to give life to the dead. Indeed He has is able to do all things.
(Therefore be patient as did those of determination among the Messengers.) meaning, as they were patient with their people's rejection of them. "Those of determination'' among the Messengers are Nuh, Ibrahim, Musa, `Isa and the last of all of the Prophets, Muhammad. Allah has specifically mentioned their names in two Ayat: Surat Al-Ahzab (33:7) and Surat Ash-Shura (42:13).
وَلاَ تَسْتَعْجِل لَّهُمْ
(and be in no hurry for them.) which means, `do not rush the punishment for them.' This is similar to Allah's saying:
(And on the Day when He shall gather them together, (it will be) as if they had not stayed but an hour of a day. They will recognize each other.)(10:45) Then Allah says,
(A clear message.) meaning, this Qur'an provides a clear concept.
فَهَلْ يُهْلَكُ إِلاَّ الْقَوْمُ الْفَـسِقُونَ
(But will any be destroyed except the defiantly rebellious people) Which means that Allah does not destroy anyone except those who choose the way of destruction. It is part of Allah's justice that He does not punish anyone except those who deserve the punishment -- and Allah knows best. This concludes the explanation of Surat Al-Ahqaf. And all praise and blessings are due to Allah. Both success and protection from faults are by His help.