The Quran

Commentaries for 40.39

Al Ghafir (The forgiver) - غافر

40.39 Abbas - Tanwîr al-Miqbâs min Tafsîr Ibn ‘Abbâs
(O my people! Lo! this life of the world is but a passing comfort) like the comfort of your homes; it does not last, (and lo! the Hereafter) i.e. the Garden, (that is the enduring home) that is the everlasting abode which will never perish.
40.39 Jalal - Al-Jalalayn
O my people! Truly this life of the world is only an [ephemeral] enjoyment, [containing] comforts which will [eventually] disappear, whereas the Hereafter truly is the enduring abode.
40.38-40 Kathir - Ibn Al Kathir
More of what the Believer from Fir`awn's Family said
This believer said to his people who persisted in their rebellion and transgression, and preferred the life of this world:
يقَوْمِ اتَّبِعُونِ أَهْدِكُـمْ سَبِيـلَ الرَّشَـادِ
(O my people! Follow me, I will guide you to the way of right conduct.) This is in contrast to the false claim of Fir`awn:
وَمَآ أَهْدِيكُمْ إِلاَّ سَبِيلَ الرَّشَادِ
(and I guide you only to the path of right policy.) Then he sought to make them shun this world which they preferred to the Hereafter, and which had prevented them from believing in the Messenger of Allah, Musa, peace be upon him. He said:
يقَوْمِ إِنَّمَا هَـذِهِ الْحَيَوةُ الدُّنْيَا مَتَـعٌ
(O my people! Truly, this life of the world is nothing but an enjoyment,) meaning, it is insignificant and fleeting, and soon it will diminish and pass away.
وَإِنَّ الاٌّخِرَةَ هِىَ دَارُ الْقَـرَارِ
(and verily, the Hereafter that is the home that will remain forever.) means, the abode which will never end and from which there will be no departure, which will be either Paradise or Hell. Allah says:
مَنْ عَمِـلَ سَـيِّئَةً فَلاَ يُجْزَى إِلاَّ مِثْلَهَا
(Whosoever does an evil deed, will not be requited except the like thereof;) means, one like it.
وَمَنْ عَمِـلَ صَـلِحاً مِّن ذَكَـرٍ أَوْ أُنْثَى وَهُوَ مُؤْمِنٌ فَأُوْلَـئِكَ يَدْخُلُونَ الْجَنَّةَ يُرْزَقُونَ فِيهَا بِغَيْرِ حِسَابٍ
(and whosoever does a righteous deed, whether male or female and is a true believer, such will enter Paradise, where they will be provided therein without limit.) means, the reward cannot be enumerated, but Allah will give an immense reward without end. And Allah is the Guide to the straight path.
40.38-44 Maududi - Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi - Tafhim al-Qur'an
That is, 'You are being forgetful of Allah on account of your pride in the transient wealth and prosperity of this world: this is your folly."
That is, "About whom I have no scientific proof that they are God's associates. why should I then accept such a stupendous thing blindly that they also have a share in Godhead and that I have to serve them too along with Allah?"
This sentence can have several meanings:
(1) That they neither possess here nor in the Hereafter any right that the people should be invited to.acknowledge their godhead;
(2) that they have been made gods by the people themselves without any reason, for they have neither claimed godhead for themselves in this world nor will they put forward any such claim in the Hereafter that they also were gods and should have been acknowledged as such; and
(3) that it is no use invoking them here nor in the Hereafter, for they are absolutely powerless and invoking them is of no avail at all.
A "transgressor" is every such person who recognizes the godhead of others than Allah, or assumes godhead for himself, or rebels against God and adopts an attitude of independence in the world, and then commits excesses against himself, against other creatures of God and against everything else with- which he has to deal. Such a person, in fact, transgresses all limits of reason and justice.
This sentence clearly shows that while saying all this the Believer was certain that he would have to bear the brunt of the wrath of the entire kingdom of Pharaoh in consequence of his speaking the Truth, and that he would have to lose all Iris honors and privileges, even his life. But in spite of knowing all this he performed his duty only with his trust in Allah, according to the call of his conscience, on this critical occasion.