The Quran

Commentaries for 22.69

Al Hajj (The pilgrimage) - الحج

22.69 Abbas - Tanwîr al-Miqbâs min Tafsîr Ibn ‘Abbâs
(Allah will judge between you on the Day of Resurrection concerning that wherein ye used to differ) regarding sacrifices and Allah's divine Oneness.
22.69 Jalal - Al-Jalalayn
God will judge between you, O believers and disbelievers, on the Day of Resurrection concerning that wherein you used to differ’, when each of the two parties would say the opposite of what the other said.
22.67-69 Kathir - Ibn Al Kathir
Every Nation has its Religious Ceremonies
Allah tells us that He has made Mansak for every nation. Ibn Jarir said, "This means that there are Mansak for every Prophet's nation.'' He said, "The origin of the word Mansik in Arabic means the place to which a person returns repeatedly, for good or evil purposes. So the Manasik (rites) of Hajj are so called because the people return to them and adhere to them.'' If the phrase "For every nation We have ordained religious ceremonies'' means that every Prophet's nation has its religious ceremonies as ordained by Allah, then the phrase "So let them (the pagans) not dispute with you on the matter'' refers to the idolators. If the phrase "For every nation We have ordained religious ceremonies'' means that it is the matter of Qadar (divine decree), as in the Ayah,
وَلِكُلٍّ وِجْهَةٌ هُوَ مُوَلِّيهَا
(For each nation there is a direction to which they face)2:148 Allah says here:
هُمْ نَاسِكُوهُ
(which they Nasikuh) meaning, which they must act upon. The pronoun here refers back to those who have these religious ceremonies and ways, i.e., they do this by the will and decree of Allah, so do not let their dispute with you over that divert you from following the truth. Allah says:
وَادْعُ إِلَى رَبِّكَ إِنَّكَ لَعَلَى هُدًى مُّسْتَقِيمٍ
(but invite them to your Lord. Verily, you indeed are on the straight guidance.) i.e., a clear and straight path which will lead you to the desired end. This is like the Ayah:
وَلاَ يَصُدُّنَّكَ عَنْ ءَايَـتِ اللَّهِ بَعْدَ إِذْ أُنزِلَتْ إِلَيْكَ وَادْعُ إِلَى رَبِّكَ
(And let them not turn you away from the Ayat of Allah after they have been sent down to you: and invite to your Lord) 28:87
وَإِن جَـدَلُوكَ فَقُلِ اللَّهُ أَعْلَمُ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ
(And if they argue with you, say: "Allah knows best what you do.'') This is like the Ayah:
وَإِن كَذَّبُوكَ فَقُل لِّى عَمَلِى وَلَكُمْ عَمَلُكُمْ أَنتُمْ بَرِيئُونَ مِمَّآ أَعْمَلُ وَأَنَاْ بَرِىءٌ مِّمَّا تَعْمَلُونَ
(And if they belie you, say: "For me are my deeds and for you are your deeds! You are innocent of what I do, and I am innocent of what you do!'') 10:41
اللَّهُ أَعْلَمُ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ
(Allah knows best of what you do.) This is a stern warning and definite threat, as in the Ayah:
هُوَ أَعْلَمُ بِمَا تُفِيضُونَ فِيهِ كَفَى بِهِ شَهِيداً بَيْنِى وَبَيْنَكُمْ
(He knows best of what you say among yourselves concerning it! Sufficient is He as a witness between me and you!)46: 8. Allah says here:
اللَّهُ يَحْكُمُ بَيْنَكُمْ يَوْمَ الْقِيَـمَةِ فِيمَا كُنتُمْ فِيهِ تَخْتَلِفُونَ
(Allah will judge between you on the Day of Resurrection about that wherein you used to differ.) This is like the Ayah:
فَلِذَلِكَ فَادْعُ وَاسْتَقِمْ كَمَآ أُمِرْتَ وَلاَ تَتَّبِعْ أَهْوَآءَهُمْ وَقُلْ ءَامَنتُ بِمَآ أَنزَلَ اللَّهُ مِن كِتَـبٍ
(So unto this then invite, and stand firm as you are commanded, and follow not their desires but say: "I believe in whatsoever Allah has sent down of the Book.'') 42:15
22.67-70 Maududi - Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi - Tafhim al-Qur'an
That is, "The Community of every Prophet".
Here the Arabic word mansak has been used in its most comprehensive sense which also includes "sacrifice" (v. 34). It means service, worship, in short, "the whole way of life". The same theme has been expressed in V: 48: "We prescribed a law and a way of life for each of you".
That is, "Now you have brought a way of life just as the former Prophets brought "ways of life" for their people. Therefore the people have no right to dispute with you concerning the "Law" you have brought".
This confirms the explanation given in E.N. 117 above.
In order to understand the significance of this paragraph, we should keep in view vv. 55- 57 with which this is connected.