The Quran

Commentaries for 11.63

Hud - هود

11.63 Abbas - Tanwîr al-Miqbâs min Tafsîr Ibn ‘Abbâs
(He said: O my people! Bethink you: if I am (acting) on clear proof from my Lord) a clear exposition that has come down from my Lord (and there hath come unto me a mercy from Him) and He has favoured me with prophethood and Islam, (who will save me) who will defend me (from Allah) from Allah's chastisement (if I disobey Him) and shun His command? (Ye would add to me naught save perdition) I only increase in insight about your loss.
11.63 Jalal - Al-Jalalayn
He said, ‘O my people, have you considered: if I am [acting] upon a clear proof, a [clear] statement, from my Lord, and He has given me from Him mercy, prophethood, who will help me, [who will] defend me, against God, [against] His chastisement, if I disobey Him? You would only be adding, by commanding me to do that, to my loss, [my] misguidance.
11.62-63 Kathir - Ibn Al Kathir
The Conversation between Salih and the People of Thamud
Allah, the Exalted, mentions what transpired in the discussion between Salih and his people. Allah informs of their ignorance and obstinacy in their statement,
قَدْ كُنتَ فِينَا مَرْجُوًّا قَبْلَ هَـذَا
(You have been among us as a figure of good hope till this!) They were saying in this, "We had hope in your strong intellect before you began saying what you have said.''
أَتَنْهَانَآ أَن نَّعْبُدَ مَا يَعْبُدُ ءابَاؤُنَا
(Do you (now) forbid us the worship of what our fathers have worshipped) "what those who were before us were upon.''
وَإِنَّنَا لَفِى شَكٍّ مِّمَّا تَدْعُونَآ إِلَيْهِ مُرِيبٍ
(But we are really in grave doubt as to that which you invite us.) This alludes to the great amount of doubt that they had.
قَالَ يقَوْمِ أَرَأَيْتُمْ إِن كُنتُ عَلَى بَيِّنَةٍ مِّن رَّبِّى
(He said: "O my people! Tell me, if I have a clear proof from my Lord...'') `In reference to what He (Allah) has sent me with to you, I am upon conviction and sure evidence.'
وَءَاتَـنِى مِنْهُ رَحْمَةً فَمَن يَنصُرُنِى مِنَ اللَّهِ إِنْ عَصَيْتُهُ
(and there has come to me a mercy from Him, who then can help me against Allah, if I were to disobey Him) `and abandon calling you to the truth and the worship of Allah alone. If I did so, you would not be able to bring me any benefit, nor increase me
غَيْرَ تَخْسِيرٍ
(but in loss.)' This means loss and ruin.
11.63-65 Maududi - Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi - Tafhim al-Qur'an
This is the answer to the preceding question: "If I disobey Allah by discarding the Guidance I have received from Him in order to please you, you cannot defend me against Him. You will rather add to the intensity of my guilt of disobedience to Him. Thus I shall incur additional punishment from Him for misleading you instead of showing the Right Way for which I had been sent to you.