Hadith collection

Sunan Abu Dawud / Hadith 3535

Ahmad Hasan translation Dar-us-Salam reference USC-MSA web (English) reference
Collection
Sunan Abu Dawud
Dar-us-Salam reference
Ahmad Hasan translation

Narrated Al-Nu'man b. Bashir:

My father gave me a gift. The narrator Isma'il b. Salim said: (He gave me) his slave as a gift. My mother 'Umrah daughter of Rawahah said: Go to the Messenger of Allah and call him as witness. He then came to the Prophet (ﷺ) and mentioned it to him. He said him: I have given my son al-Nu'man a gift, and 'Umrah has asked me to call you as witness to it. He asked him: Have you children other than him? He said: I replied: Yes. He again asked: Have you given the rest of them the same as you have given al-Nu'man ? He said: No. Some of these narrators said in their version (that the Prophet said:) This in injustice. The others said in their version (that the Prophet said:) This is under force. So call some other person than me as witness to it. Mughirah said in his version: (The Prophet asked): Are you not pleased with the fact that all of them may be equal in virtue and grace ? He replied: Yes. He said: Then call some other person than me as witness to it. Mujahid mentioned in his version: They have right to you that you should do justice to them, as you have right to them that they should do good to you. Abu Dawud said: In the version of al-Zuhri some (narrators) said: (Have you given) to all your sons ? and some (narrators) said: Your children. Ibn Abi Khalid narrated from al-Sha'bi in his version: Have your sons other than him ? Abu al-Duha narrated on the authority of al-Nu'man b. Bashir: Have you children other than him ?

حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ حَنْبَلٍ، حَدَّثَنَا هُشَيْمٌ، أَخْبَرَنَا سَيَّارٌ، وَأَخْبَرَنَا مُغِيرَةُ، وَأَخْبَرَنَا دَاوُدُ، عَنِ الشَّعْبِيِّ، وَأَنْبَأَنَا مُجَالِدٌ، وَإِسْمَاعِيلُ بْنُ سَالِمٍ، عَنِ الشَّعْبِيِّ، عَنِ النُّعْمَانِ بْنِ بَشِيرٍ، قَالَ أَنْحَلَنِي أَبِي نُحْلاً - قَالَ إِسْمَاعِيلُ بْنُ سَالِمٍ مِنْ بَيْنِ الْقَوْمِ نِحْلَةً غُلاَمًا لَهُ - قَالَ فَقَالَتْ لَهُ أُمِّي عَمْرَةُ بِنْتُ رَوَاحَةَ إِيتِ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَأَشْهِدْهُ فَأَتَى النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَأَشْهَدَهُ فَذَكَرَ ذَلِكَ لَهُ فَقَالَ إِنِّي نَحَلْتُ ابْنِي النُّعْمَانَ نُحْلاً وَإِنَّ عَمْرَةَ سَأَلَتْنِي أَنْ أُشْهِدَكَ عَلَى ذَلِكَ قَالَ فَقَالَ ‏"‏ أَلَكَ وَلَدٌ سِوَاهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ قُلْتُ نَعَمْ ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏"‏ فَكُلَّهُمْ أَعْطَيْتَ مِثْلَ مَا أَعْطَيْتَ النُّعْمَانَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ لاَ قَالَ فَقَالَ بَعْضُ هَؤُلاَءِ الْمُحَدِّثِينَ ‏"‏ هَذَا جَوْرٌ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَقَالَ بَعْضُهُمْ ‏"‏ هَذَا تَلْجِئَةٌ فَأَشْهِدْ عَلَى هَذَا غَيْرِي ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ مُغِيرَةُ فِي حَدِيثِهِ ‏"‏ أَلَيْسَ يَسُرُّكَ أَنْ يَكُونُوا لَكَ فِي الْبِرِّ وَاللُّطْفِ سَوَاءً ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ نَعَمْ ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏"‏ فَأَشْهِدْ عَلَى هَذَا غَيْرِي ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَذَكَرَ مُجَالِدٌ فِي حَدِيثِهِ ‏"‏ إِنَّ لَهُمْ عَلَيْكَ مِنَ الْحَقِّ أَنْ تَعْدِلَ بَيْنَهُمْ كَمَا أَنَّ لَكَ عَلَيْهِمْ مِنَ الْحَقِّ أَنْ يَبَرُّوكَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ فِي حَدِيثِ الزُّهْرِيِّ قَالَ بَعْضُهُمْ ‏"‏ أَكُلَّ بَنِيكَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَقَالَ بَعْضُهُمْ ‏"‏ وَلَدِكَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَقَالَ ابْنُ أَبِي خَالِدٍ عَنِ الشَّعْبِيِّ فِيهِ ‏"‏ أَلَكَ بَنُونَ سِوَاهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَقَالَ أَبُو الضُّحَى عَنِ النُّعْمَانِ بْنِ بَشِيرٍ ‏"‏ أَلَكَ وَلَدٌ غَيْرُهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏