O people, fear your Lord, Who created you of a single soul, and from it created its mate, and from the pair of them scattered many men and women; and fear God by whom you claim [your rights] from one another and kinship ties. Surely God has been watchful over you.
'People' (al-nās) is a generic noun whose etymology is uncertain. It is said man (al-ins) is called human (ins) because of his outward visibility (ẓuhūr). According to this, the allusion is: 'O you who I have made appear from the concealment of non-existence (ʿadam) by the decree of My prescriptive command (taklīf), then I chose whom I willed from you for My honoring, and deprived whom I willed among you of My guidance and giving knowledge, and moved you to what I willed - rather, conjoined you to what I willed by the decree of My free disposal'.
It is said: 'I did not cause anything else like you to appear from nonexistence and did not make appear to anyone else what I made appear to you in your states.
It is said: 'I named you 'mankind' (insān) because of your forgetfulness (nisyān). Surely, if you forget Me, there is nothing of lesser value than you but if you forget all that is other than me, there is none who sees more clearly than you'.
It is said there is no limit to the trial of the one who forgets the Real, while there is no end to the sublimity of the state of the one who forgets creation.
It is said: He said to the sinners, 'O you who have forgotten My covenant, who have rejected My love and gone beyond My limit, it is time for you to return to My door so that you may lay claim to My kindness and affirmation'. He said to those who know, 'O you who have forgotten your worldly portion in Us, and have kept your glance and expression from any other, your right has become of great magnitude for Us. Helping you has become incumbent with Us and your value has been exalted before us.
It is said, 'O you who have been gladdened (anista) by the breeze of My hospitality, who have found rest in the witness of My face, and who have been overcome by the majesty of My measure - you are the most sublime of My servants to Me'.