3 - Al Imran (The family of Imran)

7 Tafsir(s) related to verse 3.1

Al-Jalalayn

Alif Lām Mīm: God knows best what He means by these [letters].

Al-Qushairi

Alif Lām Mīm

By His saying, 'Alif', He alludes to His being sufficient for you in all of your states. You are captive to heedlessness, and are not rightly guided to your [potential] righteousness and integrity. He is the One who sets in motion what restores you, and is solely sufficient for you in what helps you. Without your asking - and even without you knowing your state - He suffices for you even if you do not perceive it. He gives to you without your seeking. The allusion from the Lām is to His kindness (luṭf) to you at the most subtle and hidden level so much so that the locus of favor by which He strengthens you is not apparent to you. The allusion from the Mīm is to conformity (muwāfaqa) to the stream of the [divine] ordainment (taqdīr) through the circumstances requested by the friends. Nothing in the world moves, no particle appears unless it is an occasion of good pleasure with respect to them. It would not be going too far to say that in His words, Every day He is upon some matter [55:29], the 'matter' is an actualization of what the friends desire.

It is said that by listening to these disconnected letters [Alif Lām Mīm], which are contrary to the customs of human discourse, every concept disappears from the hearts, whether it be a known, written, customary or imagined thing, and whether it arises from necessity (?arūra), sensory perception (ḥiss) or independent reasoning (ijitihād). When the hearts are emptied of imagined and known concepts, and the innermost selves are purified of customary and familiar things, the name Allāh comes to a heart sanctified from everything other (than Him) and to an innermost self purified of every mode [of inquiry] (kayf).

Al-Tustari

Alif, Lām, Mīm.! God! There is no god except Him, the Living, the Eternal Sustainer.He [Sahl] said:It [Allāh] is God"s Greatest Name, which is written across the sky in green light from East to West.

Ibn Al Kathir

We mentioned the Hadith in the Tafsir of Ayat Al-Kursi 2:255that mentions that Allah's Greatest Name is contained in these two Ayat,

اللَّهُ لاَ إِلَـهَ إِلاَّ هُوَ الْحَىُّ الْقَيُّومُ

(Allah! None has the right to be worshipped but He, the Ever Living, the One Who sustains and protects all that exists) and,

الم - ذَلِكَ الْكِتَابُ لاَ رَيْبَ فِيهِ هُدًى لِّلْمُتَّقِينَ

(Alif-Lam-Mim. Allah! None has the right to be worshipped but He, the Ever Living, the One Who sustains and protects all that exists.)

We also explained the Tafsir of,

الم

(Alif-Lam-Mim) in the beginning of Surat Al-Baqarah, and the meaning of,

اللَّهُ لاَ إِلَـهَ إِلاَّ هُوَ الْحَىُّ الْقَيُّومُ

(Allah! La ilaha illa Huwa, Al-Hayyul-Qayyum) in the Tafsir of Ayat Al-Kursi. Allah's statement,

نَزَّلَ عَلَيْكَ الْكِتَـبَ بِالْحَقِّ

(It is He Who has sent down the Book to you with truth, ) means, revealed the Qur'an to you, O Muhammad, in truth, meaning there is no doubt or suspicion that it is revealed from Allah. Verily, Allah revealed the Qur'an with His knowledge, and the angels testify to this fact, Allah is sufficient as a Witness. Allah's statement,

مُصَدِّقاً لِّمَا بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ

(Confirming what came before it) means, from the previous divinely revealed Books, sent to the servants and Prophets of Allah. These Books testify to the truth of the Qur'an, and the Qur'an also testifies to the truth these Books contained, including the news and glad tidings of Muhammad's prophethood and the revelation of the Glorious Qur'an.

Allah said,

وَأَنزَلَ التَّوْرَاةَ

(And He sent down the Tawrah) to Musa (Musa) son of `Imran,

وَالإِنجِيلَ

(And the Injil), to `Isa, son of Mary,

مِن قَبْلُ

(Aforetime) meaning, before the Qur'an was revealed,

هُدًى لِّلنَّاسِ

(As a guidance to mankind) in their time.

وَأَنزَلَ الْفُرْقَانَ

(And He sent down the criterion) which is the distinction between misguidance, falsehood and deviation on one hand, and guidance, truth and piety on the other hand. This is because of the indications, signs, plain evidences and clear proofs that it contains, and because of its explanations, clarifications, etc.

Allah's statement,

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ بِأيَـتِ اللَّهِ

(Truly, those who disbelieve in the Ayat of Allah) means they denied, refused and unjustly rejected them,

لَهُمْ عَذَابٌ شَدِيدٌ

(For them there is a severe torment) on the Day of Resurrection,

وَاللَّهُ عَزِيزٌ

(And Allah is All-Mighty) meaning, His grandeur is invincible and His sovereignty is infinite,

ذُو انتِقَامٍ

(All-Able of Retribution.) from those who reject His Ayat and defy His honorable Messengers and great Prophets.

Kashani

Alif Lām Mīm.

Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi - Tafhim al-Qur'an

Please see E.N. 278, Al-Baqarah.

Tanwîr al-Miqbâs min Tafsîr Ibn ‘Abbâs

And on his authority he related from Ibn 'Abbas regarding the saying of Allah, Exalted is He: (Alif. Lam. Mim.) that he said: 'Allah informed us about the story of the delegation of Najran; it is also said that this is an oath by which Allah swore that He is One and that He has neither progeny nor partner.